User permissions and two factor authentication are a key element of any robust security infrastructure. The ability to manage user permissions is an essential element in decreasing the chance that malicious or accidental insider activities will occur, minimising the impact of data breaches and ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements.

1. Reduce the risk of insider threats

The principle of least privilege is a standard method to restrict access for users. This means that users should be given only the privileges they need to fulfill their job. This helps minimize the potential consequences of unauthorized actions that could be caused by employees or third-party vendors.

2. Reduce the Risk of Data Breach

Many industries are subject to strict regulatory requirements which require robust data security practices. Controlling user permissions allows companies to ensure compliance by ensuring only authorized people have access to sensitive information.

3. Reduce the risk of third-party Vendor Activity

Many data breaches happen as a result of compromised credentials held by third-party vendors. Reviewing and updating regularly the permissions granted to users can lower the risk that external vendors can gain access to data.

4. Flexibility for Privilege Escalation

Role-based access control (RBAC) is a popular method for managing user permissions that grants access rights depending on predefined roles. The roles can be nested to allow for fine-grained access control. For example, a senior physician for example, may have greater privileges when viewing patient information than a junior physician. RBAC can also be set to require two-factor authentication (2FA) even for specific roles, to minimize the risk of unauthorized entry even if a password has been compromised.

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